World Diabetes Day 2018
Each year the 14th November marks World Diabetes Day and this year the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) is focussing on the Family and Diabetes, as they urge families all over the world to learn more about the warning signs of diabetes.
New research from IDF has discovered that parents would struggle to spot this serious life-long disease in their own children. In a recent survey, the IDF discovered that four out of five parents would have trouble recognising the warning signs, and one in three wouldn’t spot them at all.
This highlights the need to increase everyone’s education and awareness to enable them to spot the warning signs early.
What are the symptoms of Diabetes?
Warning signs can include: excessive thirst, frequent urination, a lack of energy, blurred vision, slow healing wounds, and numbness in the feet and/or hands.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious, lifelong condition where your blood glucose level is too high. There are two main types, Type 1 and Type 2. They’re different conditions, but they’re both serious.
Type 1 Diabetes
Around 10% of people with diabetes in the UK have Type 1 diabetes – this has nothing to do with diet or lifestyle, it just happens and we’re still not quite sure what causes it.
When you have Type 1 diabetes, your body attacks the cells in your pancreas that make insulin, so you can't produce any insulin at all. This means that people with Type 1 Diabetes need to either inject insulin or use an insulin pump.
Type 2 Diabetes
Around 90% of people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes – this is when the insulin your pancreas makes can’t work properly, or your pancreas can’t make enough insulin. The pancreas responds to this by releasing insulin. But because this insulin can’t work properly, blood glucose levels keep rising, so more insulin is released.
People with Type 2 diabetes may have to use insulin or tablets to control their blood glucose levels, though you might initially be able to treat your diabetes by eating well and moving more.
Can we prevent Diabetes?
There's nothing we can do to prevent Type 1 diabetes. But around three in five cases of Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by maintaining a healthy weight, eating well and being active.
If you’d like to know there are lots of places to get online support and help:
Diabetes UK https://www.diabetes.org.uk/
NHS UK https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/diabetes/
IDF also have an awareness assessment available at http://discoverdiabetes.idf.org/